"THE Nowa Huta the song "sung by the leaders of work has long since ceased. And the Steelworks built with the sweat of the brow by "people of marble" is also not new anymore. Today, for the indigenous people of Krakow, moving to Nowa Huta is at best associated with heavy exile. For foreigners and young Poles born after 1980 r. Huta is an open-air museum of socialist realism.
Day 30 VII 1949 r. The youth Brigade of Service for Poland arrived in the vicinity of the village of Mogiła and the construction of Nowa Huta began – the first new post-war town and the country's largest metallurgical conglomerate. Housing estates were built at a rapid pace, inhabited by people from all parts of Poland. The new city promised work, an apartment and a new life. The population growth in Nowa Huta was impressive: w 1951 r. 15 000 residents, and now 12 years later – 120 000. Today the number of inhabitants exceeds 200 000. With time, the young urban organism was incorporated into Krakow as another district, but to this day conservative Cracovians speak with superiority about Huta and its inhabitants. The development plan for Nowa Huta assumed, that from the central square – omen name – The main arteries will separate from the central one: Lenin Avenue, October Revolution avenue, avenue of the 6-year plan and avenue of the Cuban Revolution. So it happened, only that the quite chaotic buildings hampered the clarity of the composition, especially on the outskirts of the new district.
Justified reluctance causes a detrimental aspect of the smelter's operation in all Cracovians, which from 40 emits poisonous fumes for years, effectively polluting the environment and ruining the health of many people, not to mention the fatal impact on the monuments.
Nowa Huta Center (colloquially known as Huta) constitutes the Central Square, which can be reached from the side of old Krakow al. John Paul II by trams #4, 15, 22, 44 and buses #121, 125, 148, 174. Especially convenient access will be provided by the fast bus #A with a stop next to the Main Railway Station. Still in the years 80. the monumental statue of Vladimir Lenin was a characteristic motif of the Central Square. Today, the climate of construction for years 50. survived in massive blocks with arcades in the lower part, that surround the square. Their style can be described from poverty as classicizing. Wide streets run between the blocks: to the east and west Aleja Jana Pawia II, to the northwest, General Władysław Anders Avenue, to the northeast, Aleja Solidarności, through which you can reach the metallurgical plant, once them. Lenin, currently them. It's like standing up.
The area stretching south of al. John Paul II, where, apart from individual buildings, created recently, goes on great, empty space. Low housing estates have developed between the streets, in which only the names are cute: you. Consent, Sunny, Wanda, Garden etc.. In the vicinity of Nowa Huta, there are several important historic buildings worth seeing. Going east from the Central Square, Al. John Paul II, you can turn right after Osiedle Młodości (that is, south) w ul. Monastery, to reach the Cistercian Abbey in the historic village of Mogiła.
Tadeusz Sendzimir (1895-1989) being an outstanding metallurgist and inventor in the field of rolling. He has worked in Poland, Russia and China. After World War II, he moved to the USA. where he achieved considerable success in his professional work, science and as an inventor – he received, among others, the award of the British Iron and Steel Institute. H. Bessemerea. The Sendzimir-designed metallurgical equipment was successfully sold in the countries of Europe and Asia. He was also the creator of a fund intended for Polish scientists and metallurgists studying in the USA.