Debniki

Debniki belong administratively to the Podgórze district, but due to a rather expressive "personality", they deserve a separate treatment and even a short visit. First of all, they are quite a picturesque corner squeezed into the bend of the Vistula, surrounded by small tenement houses and villas of various styles. One of the quiet streets of Dębniki was named after master Twardowski.

From the bank of Dębnik between the Grunwaldzki Bridge and the Dębnicki Bridge there is a fantastic view of Wawel and part of the left-bank Krakow.

30 XI 1994 r. near Rondo Grunwaldzkie at ul. A modern one was opened on Konopnicka Street, cosmic in its architecture the Manggha Center of Japanese Art and Technology, which was created on the initiative of an outstanding director – Andrzej Wajda and his wife Krystyna Zachwatowicz. The authors of the project were Krzysztof Ingarden, Massimiliano Fuksas and Japanese architects, and the contractors are Polish builders.

W 1987 Andrzej Wajda received the Japanese Prize including. Kyoto (ok. 350 thousand. dollars) and decided to allocate it to be established in Krakow (in the city, in which he lived) museum of the Japanese collection of Feliks Jasieński. Seven years later, the Manggha Center of Japanese Art and Technology was established, which in Japanese means sketches. Manggha – this was the pseudonym of Feliks Jasieński (1861-1929) – critic, publicist and art collector, creator of great collections: Japanese, hinduskiej, Persian and European. He collected his collections during numerous journeys, during which he learned about traditional and the newest trends in art.

Getting to this place is not difficult: it is enough to take a tram to Rondo Grunwaldzkie (#18, 19, 22, 42) or any bus stopping at ul. Konopnicka (the southern extension of Aleja Trzech Wieszczów). The building itself is an attraction worth seeing. Its wavy shape resembles a traditional women's shoe worn by geishas. Modern, with a very unusual form, it ruthlessly distances the surrounding "architectural clutter". By going inside, you can feel like Jonah being swallowed by a whale, because it's very strange, the black and almost sterile interior is associated with the belly of some giant creature.

In the center, with great attention to the details displayed, as well as the quality of the visual experience of the recipient, works of art and other valuable items recognized by Europeans as typically Japanese were gathered, so you can admire a collection of Japanese color woodcuts from the 18th century., expensive ivory and lacquerware, screens, porcelain, samurai armor. Particularly interesting is the 19th-century bronze sculpture in the shape of a dragon, bent in an amazing position, with a very intricately carved head.

But no wonder – unlike the Wawel Dragon, on which everyone hung their dogs, accusing him of the worst, Japanese has always been respected and respected, for centuries it was represented by the emperor's majesty, and as a sign of the zodiac he personified spiritual aspirations.

Sorcerer Twardowski, who is one of the leading Polish byte heroes, he was only a half legendary character. The story of Łukasz Górnicki in Dworzanin and the great power of the folk message speak for its authenticity. Supposedly, in the 18th century. tenement houses were shown in Krakow, where Twardowski allegedly lived. There are several versions of the legend of the sorcerer-noble. The most popular is, that Twardowski, wanting to gain secret knowledge, wealth and love of a beautiful woman, he saved his soul to the devil. The devil could only capture Twardowski's souls in one place – in Rome. Under the agreement, the devil obeyed all the orders of the wizard from Krakow: apparently he collected all the silver from Poland in Olkusz, He was also responsible for placing Hercules' club in Pieskowa Skała. Thanks to supernatural deals, Twardowski rode a painted horse, he flew through the air without wings, and on long journeys he rode a rooster. The devil waited a long time for the souls of a nobleman, until he finally managed to lure him to an inn called Rome. Twardowski, not wanting to break the nobile verbum, he was carried away by the devil and carried up the chimney. Flying, he felt a great regret for life and for it, what he loved, and from this regret he chanted the cantica loudly (apparently the highlanders heard her herding sheep in the pastures) and suddenly felt, that instead of flying, he is sitting still, on the Moon. Another version adds, that a faithful servant of Twardowski, who landed on the moon with him, once a year it turns into a spider and drops it on a spider's thread straight onto the Krakow Market Square, to listen to news and gossip and then tell your master. Skimpy facts, what has been collected about the wizard, they cannot compete with the might and charm of the legend, but they can inspire quite a compelling story. The master of the wizarding arts and a nobleman at the same time named Twardowski lived in the 16th century. and reportedly lived at the corner of the Main Square and Wiślna Street. In the western part of Krzemionki (today the headquarters of TV Krakow) there was supposedly his workshop called “Twardowski School”, where young students delved into the arcana of magic. Twardowski used mirrors at work and probably used them to summon before King Sigismund Augustus the specter of his prematurely deceased wife - Barbara Radziwiłłówny. The existence of up to years is quite strong confirmation in history 80. of the last century inn Rzym in Pychowice near Krakow. Colorful, the cheeky character of Twardowski was used by storytellers with pleasure, writers and poets, making him the hero of countless versions of tales, poems, and even ballet. Coupons from his literary popularity were also cut off by Mrs. Twardowska, a trader by profession, which is considered to be a little internally intricate secular, always mentioned in a poem or legend.